Public (state) HEIs are funded by the state budget via the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine. Public sectoral HEIs subordinate to line ministries are funded by the state budget via the relative ministry. Municipal HEIs are funded by municipal budgets. Private HEIs are funded by their owners (founders). The Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine, the Ministry of Economic Development and Trade and the Ministry of Labour and Social Policy identify demand (state order) for certain professions (qualifications) and allocate it among state funded HEIs.

Students' contributions and financial support

Students who study under a state order do not pay fees. Additionally, full-time students who demonstrate good academic achievements receive a stipend (scholarship). There are various types of stipends: academic, social and special. The amount of an ordinary academic stipend is stipulated by the law of Ukraine on higher education. It depends on the qualification level programme and amounts to approx. 60 % to 70 % of the minimum living standard, which is fixed by the Regulation of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine. Students who do not study under a state order pay study fees on a contractual basis. Students, or their parents, may obtain a loanfrom a private commercial bank or a loan from the state to pay for their studies. Also, parents of students or working students may claim tax relief.

Licensing, quality assurance and accreditation of institutions and/or programmes

On the national level, quality assurance (QA) is applied to higher education as a whole and consists of external and internal assessment and publication of results. Some universities in Ukraine contact international accreditation agencies directly. The law on higher education stipulates that all HEIs must be licensed before they can offer tertiary-level education programmes. To be granted a licence, an HEI must meet the required standards set by the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine, which relate to infrastructure, resources, staff and programmes.

The accreditation procedures include the accreditation of education programmes and the institutional accreditation of HEIs. In order to have an education programme accredited, an HEI must meet the requirements of the HE standards. An HEI receives institutional accreditation if at least two-thirds of its educational programmes have been accredited.